The process has been 7 years in the making but the time has finally come for Americans. On the 1st of January, 2014 the 40-watt and 60-watt incandescent light bulb will no longer be produced as a result of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) signed by President George W. Bush. The 75-watt and 100-watt have been phased out in recent years however, this new phase will have the biggest impact. Why? Well 40 and 60-watt light bulbs are the most popular and they represent over 50% of all light bulbs used in American Residential Lighting today.
Although Incandescent light bulbs can no longer be imported into or manufactured in the United States, they will still be in stores until stocks have been exhausted.
So, what does this mean for consumers?
There is now a variety choices that are suitabe replacements including halogen, compact fluorescent, or LED light bulbs that meet the following minimum requirements:
For a 60-watt A19 replacement the new lamp will have a lumen range of 750 to 1049 lumens, a maximum wattage of 43 watts, and a minimum rated life of 1000 hours.For a 40-watt A19 replacement the new lamp will have a lumen range of 310-749 lumens, a maximum wattage of 29 watts, and a minimum rated life of 1000 hours.
While America will no doubt have to adjust to such a transition, post-January 1, 2014 choosing an appropriate replacement has been easier with some lighting packages now including lumen information, wattage, and a brightness scale to help you choose your next bulb.
As For Australia:
In Australia the Government is targeting any light bulbs that have an efficiency level of less than 15 lumens per watt (lm/w). Lumens (lm) are a measure of light output and watts (w) are a measure of energy input. The next review in Australia was due on October 2013 though it is still pending.
The phase-out will deliver considerable savings to the environment and the economy. Across the country, the move to more efficient lighting such as compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) is expected to save around 30 terawatt hours of electricity and 28 million tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions between 2008 and 2020.
This is equivalent to permanently decommissioning a small coal-fired power station or taking more than 500,000 cars off the road.
It is expected to result in savings of:
Around $380 million per year by 2020 to the Australian economy more than $50 per year for each household that changes all incandescent light globes to CFLs.
The traditional pear-shaped incandescent bulbs (General Lighting Service lamps) are the least efficient – these bulbs waste 90 per cent of the energy they use, mainly as heat. As mentioned earlier they were phased out first, with an import restriction that applied from 1 February 2009, followed by a sales restriction from November 2009. See the phase-out timetable for more details.
More efficient types of incandescent bulbs known as halogens will continue to be available, but the least efficient of this group will be phased out over time. Mains voltage (240 Volt), and low voltage bulbs (12 Volt – typically used in down lighting), are the common types of halogens. NOTE: low voltage does not mean low energy use.
Sale of existing light bulbs In all states and territories the following conditions apply:
Incandescent light bulbs subject to Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) can be sold if the seller can prove that they were imported into the State or Territory they are being sold in prior to the date the MEPS legislation on incandescent lighting products was introduced. In the case of tungsten filament General Lighting Service light bulbs the seller would have to prove they were imported before 1 February 2009. Compact Fluorescent Lamps or halogen lamps that require MEPS registration but are not registered can be sold if the seller can prove that they were imported into the State or Territory they are being sold in before the date the legislation was introduced.